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Response

Send String

Context#String(code int, s string) can be used to send plain text response with status code.

Example

func(c echo.Context) error {
  return c.String(http.StatusOK, "Hello, World!")
}

Send HTML (Reference to templates)

Context#HTML(code int, html string) can be used to send simple HTML response with status code. If you are looking to send dynamically generate HTML see templates.

Example

func(c echo.Context) error {
  return c.HTML(http.StatusOK, "<strong>Hello, World!</strong>")
}

Send HTML Blob

Context#HTMLBlob(code int, b []byte) can be used to send HTML blob with status code. You may find it handy using with a template engine which outputs []byte.

Render Template

Learn more

Send JSON

Context#JSON(code int, i interface{}) can be used to encode a provided Go type into JSON and send it as response with status code.

Example

// User
type User struct {
  Name  string `json:"name" xml:"name"`
  Email string `json:"email" xml:"email"`
}

// Handler
func(c echo.Context) error {
  u := &User{
    Name:  "Jon",
    Email: "jon@labstack.com",
  }
  return c.JSON(http.StatusOK, u)
}

Stream JSON

Context#JSON() internally uses json.Marshal which may not be efficient to large JSON, in that case you can directly stream JSON.

Example

func(c echo.Context) error {
  u := &User{
    Name:  "Jon",
    Email: "jon@labstack.com",
  }
  c.Response().Header().Set(echo.HeaderContentType, echo.MIMEApplicationJSONCharsetUTF8)
  c.Response().WriteHeader(http.StatusOK)
  return json.NewEncoder(c.Response()).Encode(u)
}

JSON Pretty

Context#JSONPretty(code int, i interface{}, indent string) can be used to a send a JSON response which is pretty printed based on indent, which could be spaces or tabs.

Example below sends a pretty print JSON indented with spaces:

func(c echo.Context) error {
  u := &User{
    Name:  "Jon",
    Email: "joe@labstack.com",
  }
  return c.JSONPretty(http.StatusOK, u, "  ")
}
{
  "email": "joe@labstack.com",
  "name": "Jon"
}

You can also use Context#JSON() to output a pretty printed JSON (indented with spaces) by appending pretty in the request URL query string.

Example

curl http://localhost:1323/users/1?pretty

JSON Blob

Context#JSONBlob(code int, b []byte) can be used to send pre-encoded JSON blob directly from external source, for example, database.

Example

func(c echo.Context) error {
  encodedJSON := []byte{} // Encoded JSON from external source
  return c.JSONBlob(http.StatusOK, encodedJSON)
}

Send JSONP

Context#JSONP(code int, callback string, i interface{}) can be used to encode a provided Go type into JSON and send it as JSONP payload constructed using a callback, with status code.

Example

Send XML

Context#XML(code int, i interface{}) can be used to encode a provided Go type into XML and send it as response with status cod.

Example

func(c echo.Context) error {
  u := &User{
    Name:  "Jon",
    Email: "jon@labstack.com",
  }
  return c.XML(http.StatusOK, u)
}

Stream XML

Context#XML internally uses xml.Marshal which may not be efficient to large XML, in that case you can directly stream XML.

Example

func(c echo.Context) error {
  u := &User{
    Name:  "Jon",
    Email: "jon@labstack.com",
  }
  c.Response().Header().Set(echo.HeaderContentType, echo.MIMEApplicationXMLCharsetUTF8)
  c.Response().WriteHeader(http.StatusOK)
  return xml.NewEncoder(c.Response()).Encode(u)
}

XML Pretty

Context#XMLPretty(code int, i interface{}, indent string) can be used to a send an XML response which is pretty printed based on indent, which could be spaces or tabs.

Example below sends a pretty print XML indented with spaces:

func(c echo.Context) error {
  u := &User{
    Name:  "Jon",
    Email: "joe@labstack.com",
  }
  return c.XMLPretty(http.StatusOK, u, "  ")
}
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<User>
  <Name>Jon</Name>
  <Email>joe@labstack.com</Email>
</User>

You can also use Context#XML() to output a pretty printed XML (indented with spaces) by appending pretty in the request URL query string.

Example

curl http://localhost:1323/users/1?pretty

XML Blob

Context#XMLBlob(code int, b []byte) can be used to send pre-encoded XML blob directly from external source, for example, database.

Example

func(c echo.Context) error {
  encodedXML := []byte{} // Encoded XML from external source
  return c.XMLBlob(http.StatusOK, encodedXML)
}

Send File

Context#File(file string) can be used to send the content of file as response. It automatically sets the correct content type and handles caching gracefully.

Example

func(c echo.Context) error {
  return c.File("<PATH_TO_YOUR_FILE>")
}

Send Attachment

Context#Attachment(file, name string) is similar to File() except that it is used to send file as attachment with provided name.

Example

func(c echo.Context) error {
  return c.Attachment("<PATH_TO_YOUR_FILE>")
}

Send Inline

Context#Inline(file, name string) is similar to File() except that it is used to send file as inline with provided name.

Example

func(c echo.Context) error {
  return c.Inline("<PATH_TO_YOUR_FILE>")
}

Send Blob

Context#Blob(code int, contentType string, b []byte) can be used to send an arbitrary data response with provided content type and status code.

Example

func(c echo.Context) (err error) {
  data := []byte(`0306703,0035866,NO_ACTION,06/19/2006
	  0086003,"0005866",UPDATED,06/19/2006`)
	return c.Blob(http.StatusOK, "text/csv", data)
}

Send Stream

Context#Stream(code int, contentType string, r io.Reader) can be used to send an arbitrary data stream response with provided content type, io.Reader and status code.

Example

func(c echo.Context) error {
  f, err := os.Open("<PATH_TO_IMAGE>")
  if err != nil {
    return err
  }
  return c.Stream(http.StatusOK, "image/png", f)
}

Send No Content

Context#NoContent(code int) can be used to send empty body with status code.

Example

func(c echo.Context) error {
  return c.NoContent(http.StatusOK)
}

Redirect Request

Context#Redirect(code int, url string) can be used to redirect the request to a provided URL with status code.

Example

func(c echo.Context) error {
  return c.Redirect(http.StatusMovedPermanently, "<URL>")
}

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