Check out cube middleware for HTTP analytics. Measure server latency, data transfer, discover top endpoints, server errors and much more.

Templates

Template Rendering

Context#Render(code int, name string, data interface{}) error renders a template with data and sends a text/html response with status code. Templates can be registered by setting Echo.Renderer, allowing us to use any template engine.

Example below shows how to use Go html/template:

  1. Implement echo.Renderer interface

    type Template struct {
        templates *template.Template
    }
    
    func (t *Template) Render(w io.Writer, name string, data interface{}, c echo.Context) error {
        return t.templates.ExecuteTemplate(w, name, data)
    }
    
  2. Pre-compile templates

    public/views/hello.html

    {{define "hello"}}Hello, {{.}}!{{end}}
    
    t := &Template{
        templates: template.Must(template.ParseGlob("public/views/*.html")),
    }
    
  3. Register templates

    e := echo.New()
    e.Renderer = t
    e.GET("/hello", Hello)
    
  4. Render a template inside your handler

    func Hello(c echo.Context) error {
        return c.Render(http.StatusOK, "hello", "World")
    }
    

Advanced - Calling Echo from templates

In certain situations it might be useful to generate URIs from the templates. In order to do so, you need to call Echo#Reverse from the templates itself. Golang’s html/template package is not the best suited for this job, but this can be done in two ways: by providing a common method on all objects passed to templates or by passing map[string]interface{} and augmenting this object in the custom renderer. Given the flexibility of the latter approach, here is a sample program:

template.html

<html>
    <body>
        <h1>Hello {{index . "name"}}</h1>

        <p>{{ with $x := index . "reverse" }}
           {{ call $x "foobar" }} &lt;-- this will call the $x with parameter "foobar"
           {{ end }}
        </p>
    </body>
</html>

server.go

package main

import (
	"html/template"
	"io"
	"log"
	"net/http"

	"github.com/labstack/echo"
)

// TemplateRenderer is a custom html/template renderer for Echo framework
type TemplateRenderer struct {
	templates *template.Template
}

// Render renders a template document
func (t *TemplateRenderer) Render(w io.Writer, name string, data interface{}, c echo.Context) error {

	// Add global methods if data is a map
	if viewContext, isMap := data.(map[string]interface{}); isMap {
		viewContext["reverse"] = c.Echo().Reverse
	}

	return t.templates.ExecuteTemplate(w, name, data)
}

func main() {
  e := echo.New()
  renderer := &TemplateRenderer{
      templates: template.Must(template.ParseGlob("*.html")),
  }
  e.Renderer = renderer

  // Named route "foobar"
  e.GET("/something", func(c echo.Context) error {
      return c.Render(http.StatusOK, "something.html", map[string]interface{}{
          "name": "Dolly!",
      })
  }).Name = "foobar"

  log.Fatal(e.Start(":8000"))
}

Got a question?